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Subterranean Termites

Got Termites??  Most times, its not that obvious. They live in the subsoil, and gain entry into buildings through cracks and crevices; through minute spaces around utility pipes and conduits; or on the surface via their earth feeder tubes.

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Unfortunately their presence is not always readily detected, and usually by the time they are discovered, extreme timber damage would have already taken place. .

Don't wait until you see the evidence, be proactive when it comes to termites.  Termites will attack your home or commercial building if it is not treated.

 

Habits

Subterranean termites build distinctive tunnels, often referred to as "mud tubes," to reach food sources and protect themselves from predators.

 

They use their scissor-like jaws to eat wood all day all night  They feed on products containing cellulose.

 

Subterranean termites swarm in the spring when groups of reproductive termites go off to start new colonies.

Prevention

To assist in the prevention of subterranean termite control you should do the following:

  • Avoid water accumulation near your home's foundation.  

  • Water should be diverted away with properly functioning downpipes and gutters.  

  • Reduce humidity in crawl spaces with proper ventilation.

  • Avoid burying woodends or unused timbers in soil close to the house

  • Never bury wood scraps or waste lumber in the yard.

  • Eliminate all wood contact with the soil.

  • Maintain a one-inch gap between the soil and wood portions of the building.

Drywood Termites

 

Drywood termites spend their entire lives inside wood. They construct round “kick holes” in infested wood, through which the fecal pellets are eliminated from the galleries or tunnels.    These pellets accumulate in small piles below the kick holes, or will be scattered if the distance between the kick hole and the surface below is of a  great distance.  

Wood, which has a dull or hollow sound when tapped, should be examined closely. Careful probing may disclose drywood termite galleries.

Drywood termite colonies often develop slowly, therefore, the costs incurred with some control measures may not be warranted. But if you choose not to control, be sure to maintain a monitoring program so you’ll know when and if control becomes necessary.

 

Control measures would include the removal of infested wood and the application of an insecticidal wood preservative to unpainted or surface-sealed timber.

Treatment

There are several alternatives for dealing with drywood termite infestations or damage, depending on the extent of the problem. This places great importance on an extremely accurate inspection.  

 

Where the infestation is slight or damage is cosmetic and limited to one or two small areas, you may choose not to use any control measures. 

Wood Replacement

Where the infestation is limited, remove and replace damaged wood, preferably with pressure-treated timber that will protect against both termites and wood decay, or it may be more practical to contact Green's Exterminating & Fencing Inc. to apply special formulations of insecticidal wood preservatives.

 

American Roaches

The American cockroach can be classified as a very dirty and bacteria carrying pest.   They will consider anything for a meal.  Foods including feces are eaten by these roaches.  Anything a roach nibbles on, or walks upon will become tainted with bacteria. 

 

Unfortunately you may not be aware that a roach has been there, which is why all kitchen counters and other surfaces should be thoroughly cleaned.

The most important aspect of cockroach damage derives from the insects’ habit of feeding and harboring in damp and unsanitary places such as sewers, garbage disposals, kitchens, bathrooms, and indoor storage indoors.

Filth from these sources is spread by cockroaches to food supplies, food preparation surfaces, dishes, utensils, and other surfaces. Cockroaches contaminate far more food than they are able to eat.

Things About American  Roaches

  • American Cockroaches can fly.

  • They are reddish-brown in color

  • American Cockroaches are  large roaches and vary from 1.1 to 2 inches in length.

  • They can squeeze into a space no thicker than a quarter.

  • Female American Cockroaches can produce up to 150 offspring per year.

  • They’re very fast runners and can move up to 50 body lengths per second (comparable to a human running 210 mph).

  • American Cockroaches are nocturnal.

  • They will eat just about anything, including paper, hair, cloth and dead insects.

German Cockroaches

 

Our kitchens are warm, have food and water sources. They are natural places for some pests to thrive. The most problematic kitchen pests are cockroaches, unsavory creatures that disgust nearly everyone.

Many people mistakenly believe that only "dirty" people get cockroaches, but this is a myth. Every home or commercial kitchen has the potential to have a cockroach problem.

 

Once a cockroach infestation gets started, its severity is usually determined by the resources available for cockroach survival--food, water and harborage, factors we often control.

German cockroaches will feed on almost anything, including soap, glue and toothpaste. They are good hitchhikers and often find their way into new structures via grocery bags, cardboard boxes, drink cartons and secondhand appliances.

The best way to control German cockroaches  is to practice good sanitation. To prevent German cockroaches from infesting the space, vacuum often, keep a spotless kitchen, seal all entrances around utility pipes and ventilate crawl spaces to prevent moisture buildup.

 

If there is evidence of a cockroach infestation, contact Green's exterminating & Fencing Inc. to inspect and treat your German cockroach problem.

The house mouse (Mus musculus) is considered one of the most troublesome and economically important pests.  House mice live and thrive under a variety of conditions in and around homes and farms. they consume food meant for humans or pets. They contaminate food-preparation surfaces with their feces, which can contain the bacterium that causes food poisoning (salmonellosis).

 

Mouse Infestations

Droppings, fresh gnawing and tracks indicate areas where mice are active. Mouse nests, made from fine shredded paper or other fibrous material, are often found in sheltered locations.

 

House mice have a characteristic musky odor that identifies their presence. Mice are occasionally seen during daylight hours, but are usually nocturnal.

Prevention and Control

Effective mouse control involves sanitation, mouse proof construction and population reduction. The first two are useful as preventive measures.

 

Where a mouse infestation already exists, some form of population reduction is almost always necessary. Reduction techniques include trapping and poisoning.

 

The Pharaoh ant is a major indoor pest in the Barbados. The ant has the ability to survive most conventional household pest control treatments and to establish colonies throughout any building.

They infests almost all areas of a building where food is available and can be found in  many places where food is not commonly found.

 

Pharaoh ants infest areas where sweet, fatty, or oily foods are left uncovered for only a short period of time.  In a short time ,  one will likely find a trail of Pharaoh ants going to the food. As a consequence, they cause much food to be discarded due to contamination.

Control of Pharaoh ants is difficult, due to their multiple nestings in inaccessible areas. Treatment must be thorough and complete at all nesting sites, as well as the foraging areas.

Thus, treatment must include walls, ceilings, floor voids, and electrical wall outlets. Baits are now the preferred method of control for Pharaoh ants.

The best way to get rid of ants in your home is to learn how to prevent them.  Keeping ants away from your home also depends on good hygiene practices.  

 

Ants  are simply in your home  for food,  so denying them that source of food, the less time they will spend foraging in your home.

Centipedes

Centipedes are terrifying creatures.  A bite from a centipede could range from mild to extreme.  People in rare cases have been hospitalized as a result. 

 

The good news is that they hardly enter your home in large numbers and seeing one centipede does not necessarily mean that they are dozens lurking around. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Centipedes are carnivores (meat-eaters), they use venom to kill their prey which includes insects, earthworms, spiders, slugs and other small animals.  Their bite can be painful to a human but not lethal in general.

 

Important Facts

Centipedes have long, segmented body. Depending on the species, centipede can reach from 0.1 to 11 inches in length.

 

The body of centipede is covered with a flexible shell that can be white, yellow, orange, red, brown or black in color. Most species of centipedes are reddish brown.

 

Centipedes and millipedes are similar in appearance. They can be differentiated by arrangement of legs on their bodies. Centipedes have one pair of legs on each body segment, while millipedes have two pairs.

 

Legs on the first body segment are not used for walking. They are modified into venomous fangs which hold the prey and deliver poison into the victim.

 

Centipedes usually bite people in self-defense. Luckily, these injuries are rarely fatal.

 

Centipedes are predators which actively seek and kill their prey. They usually consume insects, spiders, worms and mollusks. Large species of centipedes eat frogs, small birds, and bats.

 

Centipedes are nocturnal creatures (active during the night).

 

Main predators of centipedes are birds, snakes, frogs and mammals such as mongooses, and mice.

 

Centipedes can detach some of the legs to escape from the predators. Missing legs will re-grow (regenerate) during the next molting season.

 

 
 
Rats

Rats have an intimate relationship with humans.  They have been sharing our food and shelter for centuries.  They spread disease by contaminating our foods, as well as causing damage to our  property."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discourage rats and mice from taking up residence on your property by removing food and water sources, and items that can provide them shelter:

 

  • Seal holes inside and outside the home to keep rodents out. This may be as simple as plugging small holes with steel wool or patching holes in inside or outside walls.

  • Remove potential rodent nesting sites from your property, including leaf piles and deep mulch.  

  • Clean up food and water sources in and near your house.

  • Keep kitchen garbage in containers with tight-fitting lids.

  • Turn compost piles to cover newly added food scraps.

  • Make sure that dog food is removed overnight.

 

Below are some signs that could indicate that you have a potential rat problem. 

 

  • Rat Droppings - Dark brown in a tapered, somewhat like a grain of rice, only much larger.

  • Rub Marks  - Grease and dirt on their bodies leave marks on constantly traveled surfaces.

  • Rat Holes  - They dig extensive burrow systems for shelter, food storage, and nesting.

  • Rat Nests  - Rats will shred available materials such as paper, cardboard, and other soft items to make nests.

Woodlice
 

The woodlouse is not an insect but a crustacean, that has 14 parts to its body.  These parts give it the flexibility and the ability to curl into a ball and thus protect itself from danger. This means that only the hard outer shell of the woodlouse is exposed.

 

It is found in dark, damp places and feeds on decaying leaf and plant matter.   It plays a vital role in the natural carbon dioxide cycle.

 

The woodlouse is generally about 1 cm long and has an average lifespan of around 2 years, but some are known to get up to 4 years old.   Its the only species of crustacean family to live inland and not in watery habitats

 

Generally grey or brown, but the exact color and size of the woodlouse are dependent on the species and the area which it inhabits. 

 

The woodlouse is a herbivorous animal and therefore only eats organic plant matter. This animal rarely eats live plants and feeds on the decaying plant matter such as leaves, rotting wood, and fruits that fall from trees.

 

Due to its small size and despite the fact that the woodlouse can attempt to protect itself by curling up into a ball, it is preyed upon by toads, centipedes, spiders, and millipedes.

 

The female lays around 24 eggs which she keeps inside a brood pouch. The eggs hatch after an incubation period of just a few days exposing the babies.  The young woodlice take a number of months to fully develop, and so the mother will often stay close to them until they are adult.

 

Address

#1 Lorde's Court

#81 Roebuck Street

Bridgetown

Barbados

Postal Code BB11083

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